Pennsylvania Bank Note History
The Pennsylvania Bank Note History home page consolidates historical information on the National/Obsolete Banks, Bankers and Banking History of Pennsylvania. It also highlights What's New, along with some Famous Pennsylvania Banks & Bankers, and lists helpful Research Resources.
Pennsylvania County home pages
County Bank Note History home pages provide information on the Banks, Bankers and Bank Notes for that county during the National Bank Note Era (1863-1935), and also the Obsolete Bank Note Era (1782-1866) (if applicable for that county). All of the county's National & Obsolete Banks are listed with links to their Bank History pages. Prominent Bankers are also listed with links to their Banker Bio pages. Several Bank Notes are featured, as well as bank postcards and other bank related ephemera.
If you have a local County Historical Society/Museum, they may be interested in adding a link on their website to their County's Bank Note History home page in our wiki.
What's New in Pennsylvania Bank Note History
- Bank Histories:
- First National Bank, Trafford City, PA (Charter 6962) (1903-1932)
- Ridgway National Bank, Ridgway, PA (Charter 5945) (1901-1983)
- First National Bank/Spring Grove NB, Spring Grove, PA (Charter 6536) (1902-1996)
- First National Bank, Galeton, PA (Charter 7280) (1904-1965)
- Diamond National Bank, Pittsburgh, PA (Charter 2236) (1875-1932)
- Commercial National Bank, Bradford, PA (Charter 4199) (1890-1935)
- Peoples National Bank, Rochester, PA (Charter 7749) (1905-1935)
- Peoples National Bank, Lancaster, PA (Charter 3650) (1887-1925)
- Ephrata National Bank, Ephrata, PA (Charter 2515) (1881-still in business)
- Farmer's National Bank, Ephrata, PA (Charter 4923) (1893-1972)
- Banker Bios:
- Herman, Edwin S. (New Cumberland, PA)
- Eby, Jacob Rupley (Harrisburg, PA)
- Rhawn, William Henry (Philadelphia, PA)
- Laughlin, George McCully, Major, USA (Pittsburgh, PA)
- Passmore, Ellis Pusey, Jr. (Avondale, PA)
- Weidman, Grant (Lebanon, PA)
- Given, Thomas Hartley (Pittsburgh, PA)
- Pierce, Frank, (Sharpsville, PA)
- Sands, Lawrence E. (Pittsburgh, PA)
- Other Articles:
- A Brief History of the Grange National Banks in Pennsylvania
- Huntoon, Peter & Gladfelter, David, "Camden, NJ, National Bank had a Branch in Philadelphia, PA," Paper Money, Jan/Feb 2020, Vol. 325, pp 37-41. [SPMC Membership required to access]
Pennsylvania Bank Histories Index
The Bank Histories are organized alphabetically by Town, then by Bank Open Date. To find the Pennsylvania Bank you are looking for, select from the following Index list. You can also search the entire wiki for the Bank's town name or charter number using the Search Box in the upper right corner.
Pennsylvania Banker Biographies Index
The Banker Bios are organized alphabetically by Last Name. To find the Pennsylvania Banker you are looking for, select from the following Index list. For an Index list of all Banker Bios for all States, use the Banker Biographies sidebar link. You can also search the entire wiki for the Banker's last name using the Search Box in the upper right corner.
Pennsylvania National Bank Stats, Lists & Graphs
The label for each of these Stats is a link to the corresponding list of banks
- # Issuing Banks: 1196
- # Non-Issuing Banks: 78
- # Large Size Issuers: 1087
- # Small Size Issuers: 899
- # Territorial Banks: 0
- NBN Geo. Letter: E
- State Capital: Harrisburg
- Statehood Date: December 12, 1787
- Pennsylvania National Bank Graphs & Lists
- # of National Banks Chartered By Year
- # of National Bank Failures (Receivership) By Year
- # of National Bank Closures (Receivership/Liquidation/Closed) By Year
- # of National Banks In Operation By Year
- List of 40 National Banks with Lowest # of Notes Issued
- List of Pennsylvania National Banks (Issued Notes) Sorted by Town by Charter#
Famous Pennsylvania Banks & Bankers
- Famous Pennsylvania Banks
- First National Bank, Philadelphia, PA (Charter 1-2731-1) First bank in the United States to receive a charter in 1863.
- Bank of North America, Philadelphia, PA (Charter 602) First bank in the United States, receiving a charter in 1781.
- Corn Exchange National Bank, Philadelphia, PA (Charter 542) The Girard Trust merges with this bank in 1951 to form the third largest bank in that city, Girard Trust Corn Exchange Bank.
- Girard National Bank, Philadelphia, PA (Charter 592) This bank traces its origins to The Girard Bank, a Philadelphia-based bank founded by Stephen Girard in 1811.
- Tenth National Bank, Philadelphia, PA (Charter 3423) Only Philadelphia and New York City had banks that used the numerical title of "Tenth."
- The Mars National Bank, Mars, PA (Charter 5599) Few people realize that Mars is a borough in southern Butler County about halfway between the cities of Pittsburgh and Butler.
- First National Bank/First-Columbia NB, Columbia, PA (Charter 371) Bank's museum features one of the oldest banking houses.
- Fulton National Bank, Lancaster, PA (Charter 2634) Bank still open and operates as Fulton Bank National Association (as of 2023)
- Oil City National Bank, Oil City, PA (Charter 14274) (1934-1962) This bank has the highest charter number of any Pennsylvania national bank that issued notes.
- Famous Pennsylvania Bankers
- Ellis Pusey Passmore, Jr., (Avondale, PA) Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
- Frank Pierce (Sharpsville, PA) Frank Pierce's father, Gen. James Pierce, was the great great great grandfather of Barbara Pierce Bush, wife of President George H.W. Bush
- Thomas Smith (Philadelphia, PA) Seventh President, Bank of North America (1860-1883). Convinced comptroller of the currency Hugh McCulloch to charter his institution without inserting "National" in its historic title
Pennsylvania Counties Index
This index lists Pennsylvania counties that had towns with National or Obsolete Banks (1782-1935).
Pennsylvania Towns Index
This index lists Pennsylvania towns that had National or Obsolete Banks (1782-1935).
Pennsylvania Obsolete to National Bank Conversions
Pennsylvania had many Obsolete Banks that converted to National Banks between 1863 and ~1865.
Pennsylvania Banking History
- Information on the origin and history of National Bank Notes (Wikipedia)
- General information on Pennsylvania (Wikipedia)
Pennsylvania Research Resources
- T. Holdsworth, Financing An Empire: History of Banking in Pennsylvania (4 Volumes) (Chicago - Philadelphia: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1928).
- Richard T. Hoober, Pennsylvania Obsolete Notes and Scrip (SPMC.org: Society of Paper Money Collectors, 1985).
- Don C. Kelly, National Bank Notes, A Guide with Prices. 6th Edition (Oxford, OH: The Paper Money Institute, 2008).
- Dean Oakes and John Hickman, Standard Catalog of National Bank Notes. 2nd Edition (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1990).
- The National Bank Note Census, nbncensus.com
- OCC Annual Reports 1863-1935 (U.S. Treasury Dept: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency).
- (The OCC Annual Reports are available online at the Currency Club of Chester County (PA) website).
- The Bankers Magazine 1846-1922 (New York: various publishers over the years).
- (The Bankers Magazine volumes are available online at the Currency Club of Chester County (PA) website).
- Rand McNally Banker's Directories 1879-1935 (Chicago: Rand McNally & Company).
- Polk's Banker's Encyclopedias 1895-1935 (Detroit and New York: Polk Bankers Encyclopedia Co.).
- James A. Haxby, United States Obsolete Bank Notes 1782-1866 (4 volumes) (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1988).
- Paper Money Journal, 1962-present (Published by the Society of Paper Money Collectors, spmc.org). Many articles over the years about the history of National & Obsolete Banks and Bankers. An archive of all back issues with search capabilities is online for SPMC members at spmc.org.
- FDIC, Bank Find History website. https://research2.fdic.gov/bankfind/index.html
- Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- Historical Biographies (with Bios & Photos) - PA State Senate
- Historical Biographies (with Bios & Photos) - PA House of Representatives
- Bank Buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania, on Wikipedia.
- Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, on Wikipedia